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Rohelised kutsuvad üles Herculex RW maisi keelama

Roheliste erakondade esindajad Europarlamendis (Greens-EFA) ja kolm üle-euroopalist keskkonnaorganisatsiooni nõuavad Pioneer/Dow poolt  välja töötatud Herculex Rootworm RW 59122 maisi keelamist.

Greens-EFA pressiteade, vt.:

http://www.greens-efa.org/cms/pressreleases/dok/188/ See e-posti aadress on kaitstud spämmirobotide vastu. E-posti aadressi nägemiseks peab olema JavaSkripti kasutamine olema lubatud.

 

Herculex RW mais ei saanud 25. juunil toimunud hääletusel kvalifitseeritud hääleteenamust:

http://www.foeeurope.org/press/2007/

 

Keskkonnaorganisatsioonide argumentidega antud maisi lubamise vastu saab inglise keeles tutvuda alljärgnevalt:

20th June 2007

REF: Vote on genetically modified maize HERCULEX RW 59122, June 25th 2007
 Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health, section “General Food Law"

 

On June 25th  representatives for EU memeber states will vote at the EU Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health (Section Genetically Modified Food and Environmental Risk) on the placing on the European market of Pioneer/Dow’s genetically modified maize (Herculex RW 59122).

We are urging you to vote against the commercialization of the genetically modified maize for the following reasons:

• Risk assessment is incomplete and key findings ignored by EFSA
Herculex Rootworm (RW) 59122 maize has been genetically modified to produce Bt toxins (Cry34Ab1 and Cry35Ab1) in order to be resistant to the Western corn rootworm insect pest. The studies by Pioneer/Dow submitted to the EU show important differences between animals fed with GM maize and those fed with conventional maize, including liver weights in females in a 42 day poultry study, and blood parameters following a 90 day rat feeding trial. Compositional differences were also detected in the content of maize and its kernels.
The findings concerning the blood parameters in the 90 day feeding trial are of particular importance because the effects were noticed after only a very short time. This indicates the potential for toxicity in the longer term; in other words, this GM maize could pose risks for human and animal health. Worryingly, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) did not look at these results in any detail (EFSA 2007. Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Genetically Modified Organisms on an application (Reference EFSA-GMO-NL-2005-12) for the placing on the market of insect-resistant genetically modified maize 59122, for food and feed uses, import and processing under Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003, from Pioneer Hi-Bred International, Inc. and Mycogen Seeds, c/o Dow Agrosciences LLC. (Question No EFSA-Q-2005-045) Opinion adopted on 23 March 2007. The EFSA Journal (2007) 470, 1-25).

The EFSA has in the past dismissed similar concerns in positive opinions issued on MON863 and NK603 maize, leading to final authorization by the European Commission of these products.  But the reliability of these EFSA opinions has been undermined by recent studies by independent scientists showing toxicological effects in both MON863 and NK603 which the EFSA failed to appreciate. Furthermore, the EFSA has been criticized by both by the Council and the Commission (See European Commission press release of 12 April 2006, IP/06/498 as well as Commissioner Dimas speech at the Conference on GMO co-existence Vienna, 05 April 2006 http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=SPEECH/06/224&format=HTML&aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en) for ignoring significant scientific findings and for being unable to perform long-term environmental and health impact assessments.

There are also serious concerns that Bt crops are harmful for non-target organisms, and there have been virtually no independent analyses on the impact of Bt crops on biodiversity. EFSA has, yet again, ignored this in its Opinion.

• US trade interests must not be put before public safety
At a meeting with the European Commission (DG Trade) last March, the US Department of Trade indicated that it wished genetically modified maize for animal feed to be fast-tracked through the EU authorization process because of US economic interests (Friends of the Earth Europe obtained minutes of the meeting under a Freedom of Information request which can be consulted at http://www.foeeurope.org/publications/2007/FoEE_GMOS_US_pressure_on_EU_brief_May07.pdf). It would now seem that the European Commission, Member States and EFSA are giving in to this pressure regardless of risk assessment concerns.

Herculex was recently at the centre of a contamination scandal where animal feed being imported into the EU from the US was found to be contaminated with the unauthorized genetically modified maize. The sudden and rapid move at EU level to authorize Herculex maize suggests that Member States and the European Commission are more concerned with ‘neutralizing’ a potential legal problem rather than dealing with contamination by unauthorized GMOs. 

We strongly urge you to take these points into account on June 25th and vote to reject the application to import and process Herculex RW 59122 maize. This will ensure that high standards of safety are upheld, that GMOs are not authorized through the back door route of contamination, and that the choice for GMO-free food and farming is respected.

Yours sincerely,
 
Helen Holder
Friends of the Earth Europe
 
Marco Contiero
Greenpeace EU Unit
 

Benny Haerlin
Save our Seeds coalition