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Kalifornia püüab kaitsta oma põllumehi Monsanto eest

31. august 2008
Genetic Engineering Policy Alliance, USA

http://www.gepolicyalliance.org/newsletter.htm

Esimene osariigi seadus, mis kaitseks GM taimede eest, ootab kuberneri allkirja

Kalifornia senat hääletas 23 - 14 seaduseelnõu poolt, mille eesmärk on kaitsta põllumehi firmade kohtuvaidluste eest. Eelnõu  AB 541 (Huffman, D-Marin/Sonoma) ootab nüüd kuberneri allkirja. AB 541 kaitseb põllumehi, kes ei ole suutnud ennetada ennetamatut - GM õietolmu ja seemnete sattumist nende põldudele ja selle tagajärjel mitte-GM taimede saastumist GMO-dega.
Kuni praeguse ajani on patenteeritud seemnetega või õietolmuga saastunud põldude omanikest saanud patendiomanike, iseäranis firma Monsanto, kohtuhagide sihtmärk. Eelnõu paneb muuhulgas paika ka kohustusliku taimede testimise protokolli - siiani on firmadel olnud täielik vabadus viia teste läbi vastavalt enda soovile.
Eelnõuga saab tutvuda
http://www.leginfo.ca.gov/cgi-bin/postquery?bill_number=ab_541&sess=CUR&house=B&author=huffman

Lisaks: Huffman´s genetic engineering bill signed into law
http://www.marinij.com/marinnews/ci_10593403

Väljavõte eelnõust:

Existing law provides that everyone is generally responsible, not only
for the result of his or her willful acts, but also for an injury
occasioned to another by his or her want of ordinary care or skill in
the management of his or her property or person, except so far as the
latter has, willfully or by want of ordinary care, brought the injury
upon himself or herself. This bill would provide a protocol for
obtaining and testing a crop sample to determine whether a contract has
been breached or a patent on a genetically engineered plant has been
infringed by a farmer who is planting, managing, or harvesting a crop,
as specified. The bill would provide for agreed or court-ordered
sampling, with provisions relating to notice to the parties of sampling
and results, protective orders against intentional destruction or damage
to crops, and fees for sampling by or under agreement with the Secretary
of Food and Agriculture. The bill would provide that a farmer is not
liable based on the presence or possession of a patented genetically
engineered plant when the farmer did not knowingly buy or otherwise
knowingly acquire the genetically engineered plant, acted in good faith
and without knowledge of the genetically engineered nature of the plant,
and when the genetically engineered plant is detected at a de minimis
level, as specified. This bill would limit the applicability of its
liability provision, as specified. This bill would state the intent of
the Legislature, as specified, in enacting this act.

http://www.leginfo.ca.gov/pub/07-08/bill/asm/ab_0501-0550/ab_541_bill_20080822_amended_sen_v91.pdf